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Y. Mezouar, F. Chaumette. Optimal camera trajectory with image-based control. Int. Journal of Robotics Research, IJRR, Special Issue on Visual Servoing, 22(10):781-804, October 2003.

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Image-based servo is a local control solution. Thanks to the feedback loop closed in the image space, local convergence and stability in presence of modeling errors and noise perturbations are ensured when the error is small. The principal deficiency of this approach is that the induced (3D) trajectories are not optimal and sometimes, especially when the displacement to realize is large, these trajectories are not physically valid leading to the failure of the servoing process. This paper addresses the problem of finding realistic image-space trajectories that correspond to optimal 3D trajectories. The camera calibration and the model of the observed scene are assumed unknown. First a smooth closed-form collineation path between given start and end-points is obtained. This path is generated in order to correspond to an optimal camera path. The trajectories of the image features are then derived and efficiently tracked using a purely image-based control. A second path planning scheme, based on the potential field method is briefly presented. It allows one to introduce constraints in the desired trajectory to be realized. Such constraints are for instance to ensure that the object of interest remains in the camera field of view and to avoid the robot joints limits. Experimental results obtained on a six DOF eye-in-hand robotic system are presented and confirm the validity of the proposed approach


Francois Chaumette

BibTex Reference

   Author = {Mezouar, Y. and Chaumette, F.},
   Title = {Optimal camera trajectory with image-based control},
   Journal = {Int. Journal of Robotics Research, IJRR},
   Volume = {    22},
   Number = {10},
   Pages = {781--804},
   Publisher = {Sage},
   Month = {October},
   Year = {2003}

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