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E. Marchand, E. Rutten, F. Chaumette. From data-flow task to multitasking: Applying the synchronous approach to active vision in robotics. IEEE Trans. on Control Systems Technology, 5(2):200-216, March 1997.

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In this paper, we apply the synchronous approach to real time active visual 3D reconstruction using a camera mounted on a robot end-effector. It illustrates the adequateness of SIGNAL, a synchronous data flow programming language and environment, for the specification of a system dealing with various domains in control theory and computer vision. More precisely, our application consists in the 3D structure estimation of a set of geometrical primitives using an active vision paradigm. At the level of camera motion control, the visual servoing approach is specified and implemented in SIGNAL as a function from sensor inputs to control outputs. Furthermore, the 3D structure estimation method is based on the ``structure from controlled motion'' approach (constraining camera motion for optimal estimation). Its specification is made in parallel to visual servoing, and involves the delay mechanism of SIGNAL for the specification of filters. This reconstruction involves to be focused on each object; we thus present a perception strategy for sequencing several estimations, using task preemption and time intervals in SIGNAL. It allows to consider in an unified framework the various aspects of the application: from data-flow task specification to multi-tasking and hierarchical task preemption. The integration of these techniques is validated experimentally by their implementation on a robotic cell. Merits and drawbacks of the proposed framework with respect to more usual asynchronous approaches are finally discussed


Eric Marchand
Francois Chaumette

BibTex Reference

   Author = {Marchand, E. and Rutten, E. and Chaumette, F.},
   Title = {From data-flow task to multitasking: Applying the synchronous approach to active vision in robotics},
   Journal = {IEEE Trans. on Control Systems Technology},
   Volume = {    5},
   Number = {2},
   Pages = {200--216},
   Month = {March},
   Year = {1997}

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